Ever had foot-in-mouth disease? I’d wager it happens more often than not.
New research published this week in Psychological Science by cognitive scientist Andreas Lind and his colleagues at Lund University in Sweden suggests that speech is not entirely planned.
These scientists were determined to find out what happens when someone said one word, although actually hearing themselves state another. “If we use auditory feedback to compare what we say with a well-specified intention, then any mismatch should be quickly detected,” scientist Lind said. “But if the feedback is instead a powerful factor in a dynamic, interpretative process, then the manipulation could go undetected.”
Participants took a Stroop test, an example of this test is when a person is shown the word ‘yellow’ although it is printed in green. They are then asked to name the color of the print (in this example, green). During the test, participants heard their responses through headphones. “The responses were recorded so that Lind could occasionally play back the wrong word, giving participants auditory feedback of their own voice saying something different from what they had just said.”
After participants heard a manipulated word, a question popped up on the screen asking what they had just said, and were then quizzed after the test to see whether they had detected the switch. When the voice-activated software got the timing just right (that the wrong word began within 5–20 milliseconds of the participant starting to speak) the change went undetected more than 2/3 or approximately 66% of the time.
In 85% of undetected substitutions, the participant accepted that they had said the wrong word, indicating that speakers listen to their own voices to help specify the meaning of what they are saying. The remaining 15% didn’t notice the manipulations, but also did not seem to notice that the word had changed – scientist Lind is unclear why.
What this means for Brāv? Since our observations can be unreliable, it stands to wager that many of our interactions and memories of interactions with others can be just that. Let’s clarify through Brāv.
Know anyone who has suffered a stroke or heart attack? What was their life generally like? Know of what they were going through, if anything?
Scientists have discovered that anger, anxiety, and depression affect the functioning of the heart as well as increases the risk for heart disease. Atherosclerosis is a process where blood vessels supply the heart and brain, and strokes and heart attacks are caused by progressive damage to these vessels. Atherosclerosis increases when there are high levels pro-inflammatory cytokines or chemicals in the body.
Some scientists believe there is a link between atherosclerosis and stress levels in the body. Ultimately, negative emotions are thought to increase the risk for atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease by raising the levels of pro-inflammatory chemicals in the body. These scientists believe in a link between negative emotions and stress because many of the same brain areas involved in these emotions are also involved in sensing and regulating levels of inflammation in the body and thus causing physical signs of risk for heart disease.
Let’s find a way to decrease our stress through decreasing negative emotions often experienced with unnecessary conflicts with others.
More information: The article is “An Inflammatory Pathway Links Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease Risk to Neural Activity Evoked by the Cognitive Regulation of Emotion” by Peter J. Gianaros, Anna L. Marsland, Dora C.-H. Kuan, Brittney L. Schirda, J. Richard Jennings, Lei K. Sheu, Ahmad R. Hariri, James J. Gross, and Stephen B. Manuck, DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2013.10.012
A new government report states that more than 7 percent of American schoolchildren are taking at least one medication for emotional or behavioral difficulties.
In addition, researchers discovered that 7.5 percent of U.S. children between the ages of 6 and 17 were taking medication for an emotional or behavioral problem. Also, many more boys than girls were given medication — 9.7 percent of boys compared with 5.2 percent of girls. Older females were more likely than younger females to be given medication, but the age difference among males wasn’t significant, according to the report.
White children were the most likely to be on psychiatric medications (9.2 percent), followed by black children (7.4 percent) and Hispanic children (4.5 percent), according to the report.
The study found that significantly more children on Medicaid or the Children’s Health Insurance Program were on medication f
or emotional and behavioral problems (9.9 percent), versus 6.7 percent with private insurance and just 2.7 percent of children without insurance.
Additionally, more families living below 100 percent of the federal poverty level had children taking medications for emotional and behavioral problems than those above the federal poverty level.
55% percent of parents reported that these medications helped their children “a lot,” while another 26 percent said they helped “some.” Just under 19 percent said they didn’t help at all or helped just a little.
Parents of younger children (between 6 and 11) were a little more likely to feel the medications helped a lot compared to parents of older children. Parents of males were also more likely to feel the medications helped a lot — about 58 percent of parents of males reported that they helped a lot compared to about 50 percent of the parents of females.
In addition, the study showed that parents with incomes less than 100 percent of the federal poverty level were the least likely to feel the medications helped a lot. Just 43 percent of those parents said the medications helped a lot, while about 31 percent said they helped some. More than one-quarter of these parents said the medications only helped a little or not at all.
How often in your head do you replay traumatic times…humiliating horrors…or painful pasts?
If you’re like me…and many others, it’s pretty often. Psychologists have argued in favor of a variety of theories to best deal with past emotions. This includes everything from getting lobotomies to physically remove parts of the brain to remove bad memories, to utilizing the avoidant theory, which is each time a negative memory occurs, simply stop thinking about it. Hard, huh?
A new way to deal has been suggested by researchers at the Beckman Institute at the University of Illinois, led by psychology professor Florin Dolcos of the Cognitive Neuroscience Group. Their studies claim that once a negative memory enters your mind, recall the event holistically, which allows us to remember not only the bad, but the positives that occurred too.
For example, hurt after being called out at work for poor performance? Did your coworkers comfort you or did you rehash to your friends and were you then reminded of your accomplishments? Did you end up working harder to prove them wrong and triumph? Were you able to at least go home and enjoy a nice bath…or a really good meal…or dessert?
Recalling some positives surrounding our bad memories allows us to gain a more well rounded perspective on the matter.
Making us able to handle a bad thought a little bit better. Think about it.
Be honest. How often do you grin and bear it when you would much rather scream, cry or hit the source of your troubles? We are all fragile…and it just takes one tap to wreck us like a glass fallen to the floor.
But…have you heard of the song “Fragile”by Tech N9ne ft. Kendrick Lamar?
Despite having almost 3 million viewers, “Fragile” remains an underrated song that touches on the aspects of human psyche and how constant derision affects it…to the core.
“Fragile” ultimately touches on the side that most of us wish not to admit to: we are all just that. Let’s get Brāv.
See for yourself: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IKs5OsT4dIY
Similarly, more and more adults are acknowledging work place conflicts, street harassment, and conflicts with friends and family. We are often told that to be an ‘adult’ means to dismiss these issues, although the tension often continues to build up.
Ultimately, annoyance comes about when you find yourself not able to achieve a desirable result. Too many times, we allow ourselves to dismiss our frustrations in lieu of tackling it. Overtime, dismissing, rationalizing and disengaging leads to a build up within us, increasing our levels of stress and illness – both physical and mental. In actuality, we really need an outlet for getting out our fears and frustrations.
In general, we do not know how to handle our conflicts effectively. There is a break down in communication all over the world and everyone must be held more accountable. It is in fact why we are seeing more and more school and work place violence and shootings, homicides…and suicides.
Brāv helps foster targeted communication with the source of our frustrations before it gets to that level.
Let’s learn how to better cope with life – together.
You know that gut feeling that tells you something isn’t right? Start listening to it. Too often we dismiss our brain’s way of protecting ourselves in order to remain polite, non-confrontational or for other various reasons, including fear.
Ask yourself what is causing you to feel scared, angry, resentful, upset, etc. If you can pin point a particular situation, person or issue involved, you’re closer than most people.
Like many things, getting harassed or bullied is subjective – based on your own point of view. Ultimately, if you feel like you’re being bullied, than you are. If you don’t feel good about an interaction – no matter who is involved – and yes that includes friends, family members and other trusted individuals, than you should reassess your relationships with them. You don’t want to ultimately endure through weeks, months, and even years of abuse only to assess then.
In case you still might not know, common signs of being harassed or bullied include:
Physical trauma – have bruises, cuts, bumps, etc from another that were not by accident, from a sport, and/or you did not consent to? Are they touching you simply and you have asked them to stop and they continue?
Emotional trauma – is someone stating hurtful comments to you? Are they ignoring you? Dismissing your feelings or point of view? Shunning you from others? Spreading rumors, lies or attacking your reputation? Screaming at you?
Sexual trauma – Are they saying inappropriate sexual comments? Are you you getting touched inappropriately without permission?
Proximity – are they too close for comfort? Are they invading your personal boundaries?
Online abuse – Are you getting spoken badly about online? Is your intimate information or web cam personal details getting spread to others?
Do you feel bad around another without explanation?
Let’s solve all of these and more, effectively through Brāv.
How do you respond to a belligerent attacker? You can ignore, avoid, “kill with kindness,” assert yourself, confront or grow violent. Missing any?
Often times bullies aren’t interested in acting civil; they want to win, they want submission, and they want – power. A small minority are looking to be put in their place, but overall, bullies aren’t interested in anything but dominance. So what else can be done?
Some bullies need to learn from another and gain another perspective on a situation. Using virtual and interactive games like Grand Theft Auto is fun as players can place themselves in a situation that they could never do in real life. Similarly, when users engage in our Brāv challenges, everyone can place themselves in the position of another whom they could not have understood without this.
We think that these games in conjunction with speaking to those we have disagreements with through our face to face chat platform (or avatar with facial expressions or using our instant messaging platform) would be the best way for bullies to finally understand the position they place others in.
Everyone wants to be brāv, but if you think about the times when you were truly, actually brāv, how often was it a conscious decision versus just a reaction to something unjust, dangerous or a slight?
I’m referring to the idea of emotion versus logic. Unless you were simply born assertive, we often have to put effort into speaking our minds or acting with courage. Even more, when we often start thinking about a courageous act, we get nervous, we second guess ourselves and our confidence is often wavered.
Most times, the secret to being brāv is practice, like anything else. In fact, esteemed author, Mark Twain once noted that, “courage is resistance to fear, mastery of fear, not absence of fear.”
How does this apply to Brāv? Well, becoming a Brāv One is a conscious choice of mastering skills that will help you throughout life – particularly skills to better interact with others and help manage issues between yourself or others. Also, signing up to deal with conflicts you might have on our face to face platform allows you to bravely communicate with those who you would likely have just simmered in feelings of fear, anger or resentment.
What more, being brāv also includes sharing your thoughts. You can do that by writing articles on this site or submitting personal stories in which you wish the brāv public to help you solve.
It’s easier to describe than to give a definition:
Ever find yourself in the middle of people in a disagreement, attempting to find a middle ground? Yup, you’re a Brāv One.
You love watching Court TV and find yourself either agreeing with Judge Alex, Judge Judy, Judge Brown and the others or finding ways that they could have improved their ultimate decisions.
People tell you you’re the best listener…and weigh all sides of an issue carefully.
You’re constantly thinking about day to day situations you observed.
You regularly search online about how to deal with situations, and
are frustrated that there is very little realistic advice and information on the internet.
You have a deep fascination for why people do certain things, act in certain ways and react to situations the way they do.
You savor an experience as much as you savor a delicious meal.
You enjoy predicting and finding solutions, including in movies, and clearly see the issues, how it could have been easily solved, and as a result, could reduce a standard 2 hour flick to only thirty minutes.
You like making others happy.
Sign up to become one & win a chance to become one of the first now: www.brav.org